Sunday, May 19
Shadow

Abakinnyi 10 ba Filime za Kung fu b’ibihe byose mu mateka y’Isi

Habeyeho abasitari benshi ba filime za kung fu batangaje bagiye bagaragara no mu zi ntambara,ariko uko imyaka yagiye ihita, abatoranijwe bagaragara muri iyi nkuru bafatwa nk’abibihe byose.

Nyuma yo gushishikazwa cyane na kung fu yateye  imbere mu myaka ya za 70 nyuma yo kwamamara mu buryo budasanzwe kwa Bruce Lee, hari abandi ba star benshi bamenyekanye cyane haba muri Hong kong ndetse  no muri Hollywood. Muri ibi harimo kandi acrobats itangaje, imirwano itangaje, hamwe n’akazi keza cyane, izi nyenyeri zahagaze  nk`ibyiza Isi itigeze ibona kandi ari ingenzi.

Hamwe n’inshingano zo gusetsa ibikorwa bindi, kwerekana inkota , hamwe na firime ya wuxia, abastar beza ba kung fu bagaragaye mu majana menshi mu bikorwa byinshi bitabarika. Mu gihe bamwe mu ba star ba kung fu babaye  amazina y’urugero, abandi ntibakiriwe neza  cyane ariko bari bazwi cyane n’abakunda ku rwana. Firime nziza z’intambara  zigeze  kuba ibintu bitangaje byerekanaga umuco n’imyitwarire ya bamwe bigatuma bazikunda ku buryo aba bakinnyi ba Filime hamwe na hamwe ku Isi, bahindutse ibishushanyo mbonera mu mitima y’ababafana.

Turahera ku mwanya wanyuma tumanuka mpaka kuwa mbere bitewe n’uko bagiye bakurikiranwa

10.Fung Hak-on

Yatangiye gukina firime :1962-2014

Umukinnyi wa Hong Kong  Fung Hak-on yari umustar wa Kung Fu yakunze gukina firime ari umugome cyangwa umwicanyi. Muri firime nyinshi yakunze kugaragaramo nicyo kintu bari bamuziho cyane  mu buhanzi bwe. Fung yatangiye umwuga we mu 1962 afite imbaraga nyinshi  kuri ecran, agaragara  muri firime nka boxer w`Abashinwa, Abicanyi bo muri Shaolin, ragon Lord, na Story ya Polisi. N’ubwo atari azwi cyane nka benshi mubo mu gihe cye, abakunzi ba kung Fu bari bazi Fung nk’umwe mu bagome bakomeye muri cinema y`ubuhanzi.

Kwihangana kwa Fung mu myaka mirongo n’ubushobozi bwo kwerekana ubugome nk’abandi bakinnyi  bashimangiye izina rye  nk’umwe mu bakinnyi ba firime ba kung Fu.

Mugihe Fung yatnmgiye umwuga we wa stuntman,bidatinze yagize uruhare runini atangira gukorana na sosiyete ikora umusaruro wa Golden Harvest. Fung yakomeje gukora umurimo ushimishije kugeza mbere gato y’uko apfa mu 2016 kandi yagize uruhare rutazibagirana mu mwuga nk`umurwanyi Baguazhang master Cheng muri Ip Man 2 mu 2010. Kuba Fung yarakomeje mu myaka mirongo  ndetse n`ubushobozi bwo  kwerekana ubugome , n`abandi bakinnyi bashimangiye izina rye nk’umwe  mu bakinnyi ba firime ba kung fu beza ibihe byose.

9.Yuen Biao

Yatangiye gukina firime 1962-Nubu aracyakina

Yuen Biao nk`umukinnyi, stuntman, hamwe na choregarafi zo gukoresha muri firime, yagize  umwuga utangaje wa Kung Fu guhera mu myaka ya za 70. Nk’imwe mu mahirwe arindwi yo mu ishuri rikuru ry`Ubushinwa mu ishuri rya Peking  Opera, Yuen, afatanije na Jackie Chan na Sammo Hung, bagize “Dragons eshatu,” kandi n`inshuti zagaragaye mu mafirime menshi bari hamwe. Hamwe na firime zirenga 130, Yuen rwose yasize amateka ye muri cinema zo ku rwana mu myaka 50 ishize.

8.Angela Mao

Umukinnyi akaba n`umuhanga mu mirwanire (martial Artist) wo muri Tayiwani Angela Mao, uzwi ku izina rya `Lady Kung Fu,` yagaragaye muri firime nyinshi z`ubukorikori mu myaka ya za 70. Umurwanyi w`umuhanga cyane watoje hapkido kuva akiri muto cyane, Mao yamenyekanye afite imyaka 17 gusa kandi yahise akomeza kugaragara nk’umudamu ukomeye muri firime y`ibikorwa bya fantasy The Angry River. Mao yahise agira uruhare mu bikorwa byinshi byo muri Company ikomeye cyane itunganye firime yitwa Golden Harvest productions, nka Lady Whirlwind na The Fate of Lee Khan.

Ariko, mu 1973 ni bwo Mao yamenyekanye cyane ku rwego mpuzamahanga ubwo yakinanaga na  Bruce Lee muri Enter the Dragon. Nka mushiki we uzarimbura imico ya Lee Su-lin, Mao yerekanye ubuhanga bwe butangaje bwa Kung Fu  mu gihe  yarwanaga n’umuzamu utagira ubugome O`Hara. Ikibabaje ni uko Lee yarenganye bidatinze, bombi ntibongeye gukorana, ariko Mao yakomeje kugaragara  muri firime za Kung Fu kugezamu myaka ya za 1980.

7.Lo Lieh

Umukinnyi akaba n`umuhanga mu mirwanire (martial Artist) wo muri Indoneziya Lo Lieh yaje kumenyekana bwa mbere n`uruhare rwe yakinnye muri firime yitwa King Boxer, uzwi ku izina rya Fingers of Death. Imyambarire ikomeye ya Lieh yari ifite byinshi ihuriyeho  na Bruce Lee, n’ubwo Lieh yagaragaye muri firime nyinshi z`intambara za banjirije Lee intsinzi mpuzamahanga idasanzwe. Lieh yagize uruhare muri Executioners kuva Shaolin kugeza kuri Clan ya White  Lotus, Lieh yahoraga atanga ibitaramo byiza muri firime za Kung Fu mu myaka ya za 1960 na 1970.

Mu 1988,Lieh yifatanyije n`abandi bakinnyi babahanga mu mirwanire (martial Arts) Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, na Yuen Biao muri firime izwi cyane ya Kung Fu Dragons Forever. Nk`umukinnyi wa mbere mu mirwanire (martial arts),Lieh  kuva ubwo yatangiye kumenyekana  muri firime za kungu FU afite imisatsi y`umweru ari nabyo byamuzamuriye izina rye nk’umukinyi w’umuhanga cyane ko firime nyinshi yagarayemo yari afite iyo misatsi y`umweru kugeza mu myaka ya za 1970, 1980, ndetse nyuma no muri Quillin Tarantino yica Bill.

 

6.Sammo Hung

Umukinnyi w`icyamamare  muri Kung Fu, Sammo Hung  yagaragaye muri firime zirenga 200 kandi yatojwe ibijyanye na acrobatics, imbyino, ndetse n`ubukorikori. Nk’umuntu w’ingenzi imbere ya kamera na inyuma, Hung yakoraga Nk`umukorikori  wa Jackie Chan ku rwana kandi yari umwe mu bakinnyi bakomeye ba firime ya Hong Kong New Wave yo mu myaka ya za 1980. Inzira yatangiye injyana ya zombie imeze nka jianshi ndetse  inagaragara muri Bruce Lee classiue Enter the Dragon.

Icyakora, Hung yari azwi cyane kubera ubufatanye na Chan na Yuen Biao, kuko aba bakinnyi batatu bagaragaye muri  firime eshatu hamwe. Azwi ku izina rya “Three Dragons,” uko ari batatu Chan, Hung, na Yuen bari bahuje intsinzi muri firime nka Wheels on Meals na Project A bakomeje gukundwa cyane. Hamwe n`umwuga utangaje, Hung yabonye umwanya we muri Kung Fu ukomeye nk`umustar w`ibihe byose.

5.Donnie Yen

Mu myaka irenga 40, Donnie Yen yashimishije abakurikirana ubuhanga bwe budasanzwe bwa Kung Fu n`ubuhanga  butangaje mu buryo butandukanye bwo ku rwana. Nka sekuru wa  Wing Chun  Ip man  muri firime y`uruhererekane yakunzwe cyane Ip man, Yen yafashije kumenyekanisha imirwanire ya Wing Cun mu bushinwa kandi abasha kuyobora imwe mu mirwanire muri Hong Kong yitwa Francises. Kuva mu ruhare rwe muri Drunken Tai Chi mu 1984  kugeza kubufatanye na Jet Li  muri firime  izwi cyane ya Wuxia  Intwari, Yen yagiye akomeza kurenga imipaka kubera ubuhanga yari afite muri firime zo ku rwana  kandi akomeza umwanya we ku isonga mu nganda za cinema.

Nta gushidikanya ko abumva abatuye mu burengerazuba bw`isi bakurikirana ibihangano bye bamenye Yen uruhare rwe rudasanzwe nk`umwicanyi w’impumyi Caine muri firime John Wick 4.

Cyakora ntabwo aribwo buryo bwo nyine  bwakozwe muri Hollywood aho Yen  yerekanaga ubuhanga bwe, kuko yagaragaye muri Rogue One, XXX:kugaruka  kwa xander  Cage, na Mula. Ntawo tuvuze amafirime yose ya Donnie Yen  ataramenyekanye cyane  bidasanzwe.

4.Jet Li

Jet Li nk`umwe mu bakinnyi beza kandi bazwi cyane  mu mirwanire mu gisekuru cye yagize uruhare rugaragara  kuri sinema ya Kung Fu maze abona intsinzi muri Hong Kong na Hollywood. Nk`umusore ukiri muto muri wushu, Li yasezeye ibintu byo kurwana afite imyaka 18 kandi akoresha ubuhanga bwe kugirango abe  umwe mu mustar bakomye ba Kung Fu nyuma yo kuva muri shaolin Temple mu 1982, yahise ajya gukina kugirango abe icyamamare mpuzamahanga. Nyuma y’inshingano nyinshi zamenyekanye nk`umukandara watumye amemyekana nka ,Fist of Legend, hero and fearless,Li yafashije kubyutsa imirwanire ya Wuxia ku bantu bose.

Ubuhanga bwa Li`s Kung Fu ntabwo bwagarukiye aho gusa mu nganda za Hong Kong Kung Fu, kuko nyuma yo gukina ari umugome muri Lethal Weapon 4 mu 1994, bidatinze yabonye intsinze ikomeye muri Amerika maze yinjira mu ma francises nka The Expandables. Li ndetse yaragaraye hamwe na mugenzi we w`inararibonye mu  mirwanire  Jackie Chan muri firime yitwa The Forbidden Kingdom ubwo yashimangiraga izina rye nk`umuhanga mu mirwanire ya maritial art. Kugeza na n`ubu, Li muri firime Mulan mw`ikorwa ryayo yahujije ishyaka rye muri sinema ya Hong Kong, Wuxia, na Hollywood.

3.Gordon Liu

Umukinnyi w`icyamamare mu bijyanye ni mirwanire ya martial arts Goldon Liu yari azwi cyane mu  kugaragara muri firime nyinshi zakozwe nza Shaw Bothers nka challenges of masters na the 36th chamber of shaolin,imwe muri firime nziza ya Kung Fu  yo mu myaka ya za 70. Nk’umurwanyi wa Kungu Fu ufite ubuhanga buhanitse, Liu yatangiye imirimo isaga 100 kandi yubatse umurage mu myaka 50 ishize nk`umwe mu bakora ibihangano bikomeye  byo ku rwana. Liu yakoraga cyane muri firime na Televiziyo, Liu yari indashyikirwa mu bice byombi by`urwenya ndetse ndetse n`inshingano zikomeye zakoresheje ubuhanga bwe bukomeye n`ubushobozi butangaje.

Muri sinema yo muburengerazuba, Liu yari azwi cyane kubera uruhare rwe muri kill bill ya Quentin Tarantino,nyuma yokuba umikinyi w`imikino yo kurwana mu myaka ibarirwa muri za mirongo, ari rwo ruhare rwe rwa mbere rwa Hollywood. Liu yagize icyubahiro cyo kuba umwe mu bakinnyi bake bagize uruhare runini muri firie za Kill Bill, ubwo yerekanaga Johnny mo, umuyobozi wa crazy 88 yakuza muri Kill Bill Vol.1. muri kill bill vol.

2.Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee yahinduye umukino rwose werekeye firime za Kung Fu kandi yagize uruhare runini mu kumenyekanisha ibihangano bikozwe mu buryo bw’imirwanire bwa martial art mu bihugu by`iburengerazuba.Afite amateka mato kubera urupfu rwe rwababaje benshi kandi yapfuye akiri muto cyane ku myaka 32 gusa mu 1973. Bruce lee yari azwi cyane cyane kubera uruhare rwe muri firime eshanu zatangiye mu ntangiriro ya za 70, zirimo the Big Boss, Fist Of Fury, The Way of Dragon, enter the Dragon na The game of Death. Mu mwuga we muto ariko ushimishije, Lee yahinduye inganda z`ubukorikori kandi agira uruhare  mu myumvire ya Kung Fu n`ubushinwa ku isi.

Lee yari umwe mu bantu bakomeye mu kinyejana cya 20, kandi kuba yari ikirangirire nk`umuco wa pop byafashaga guca icyuho hagati y`imico y`iburasirazuba n`Iburengerazuba. Hamwe na hamawe n’ubuhanga muri wing chun, Tai chi, umukino w`iteramakofe, no kurwanira mu muhanda umwuga wa Lee wanyuze muri hong kong no muri Amerika aho yahuriye n’abandi bakinnyi bakomeye nka Norris. Ikibabaje ni uko n’umwuga wa Lee wagabanutse, kandi abamwumva bashobora gutekereza  gusa uburebure bwaba agezeho iyo aba yarabashije kurokoka, ariko yasize umurage mu ba star bakomeye ba kung fu muri bose.

1.Jackie Chan

Jackie Chan yabaye ku isonga rya sinema ya kung fu kuva yatangira gukina muri firime yitwa Snakes in the Eagle`s Shadow na Drunken Master mu 1978. Kuva aho,  yatangiye kubona intsinzi mu bushinwa ndetse no ku Isi yose. Nk`umukinyi w`umuhanga mu mirwanire kabuhariwe  ufite ibihe  by’urwenya  bidasubirwaho.

Chan yari atandukaye mu buryo bukomeye ku bandi barwanyi kuko yateje imbere uburyo budasanzwe bwo gukora slapstick bwa koraga neza muri firime zisetsa kung fu.  Mu mibereho ye yose Chan  yagiye akora ibitaramo byinshi yubahwa kw`isi yose  kani aba umuntuukomeye  mu muco uzwi ku isi.

Kuva mu rukurikirane rw`urwenya rw`abashinwa nka polisi y`amateka kugeza kuri firime y’abana ba Hollywood nka Karate Kid, Chan yafashe inshingano zigera ku 150  kandi yabaye umuntu ugaragara muri firime  zirwana mu buzima bwe bwose,Chan yagerageje kwerekana ubuhanga bwe bukomeye kandi anafite amateka  ya benshi bafata mu ishusho imwe, aho byatwaye 2900 bikenewe kugirango pyramid fight in Dragon lord (binyuze kuri Guardian.) ukundwa nabato n`abakuru. ,Chan yari inyenyeri ikomeye ya kung fu kuva kera.

Inkuru yanditswe na Moussa Jackson [Umunsi.com]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *